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35th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology, will be organized around the theme “Strategies to Strengthen Maternal - Neonatal Health and Reduce Neonatal Mortality”

Neonatology 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Neonatology 2021

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Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection and specifically refers to the presence in a newborn baby of a bacterial blood stream infection. 3Year Old boy has been attacked with Covid_19. He had previously received a 48-hour course of antibiotics for suspected neonatal sepsis because of a fever (temperature, 38.5°C), but the workup for sepsis was negative, and he was discharged home. Patient had Nasal swabs were obtained for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-testing and a respiratory viral panel. Chest radiography performed after intubation showed bilateral infiltrates and partial collapse of the right upper lobe. Droplet and contact precautions were initiated, and he was transferred to a negative-pressure room in the Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Hydroxy chloroquine and azithromycin were initiated for presumed Covid-19. A pneumothorax that developed on the right side was successfully treated by tube thoracotomy. The patient was intubated on day 5 and was transferred out of the PICU. He completed the 5-day course of hydroxy chloroquine and azithromycin. The patient was discharged on day 9 without supplemental oxygen. Although children are less likely than an adult to have severe Covid-19, this case illustrates that it can occur and can be successfully managed with standard PICU protocols.

  • Track 1-1Clinical course
  • Track 1-2COVID-19 infected mothers
  • Track 1-3Vertical transmission

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of new-born infants, especially the ill or premature new-born. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).The principal patients of neonatologists are new-born infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction etc.

  • Track 2-1Community neonatal education
  • Track 2-2Fetal and perinatal therapy
  • Track 2-3Neonatal medicine
  • Track 2-4Neonatal health
  • Track 2-5Neonatal resuscitation
  • Track 2-6Neonatal nursing
  • Track 2-7Infectious disease transmission
  • Track 2-8Pediatrics allergy and infections
  • Track 2-9Neonatal Hematology and Bilirubin

The most number of affected pregnant women is increasing, but scarce information is available about the clinical features Obstetric and neonatal outcomes of pregnant patients with COVID-19 in pregnancy caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus Moreover maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes of patients who were infected in late pregnancy appeared very good, and these outcomes were achieved with intensive, active management that might be the best practice in the absence of more robust data. The clinical characteristics of these patients with COVID-19 during pregnancy were similar to those of non-pregnant adults with COVID-19 clinical symptoms from 33 neonates with or at risk of COVID-19 were mild and outcomes were favourable of the 3 neonates with symptomatic COVID-19, presented with early-onset SARS-CoV-2 infection. Because strict infection control and prevention procedures were implemented during the delivery, it is likely that the sources of SARS-CoV-2 in the clinical findings or investigations suggestive of COVID-19 in neonates born to affected mothers, and all samples, including amniotic fluid, cord blood, and breast milk, were negative for SARS-CoV-2.

  • Track 3-1COVID-19 pregnancy
  • Track 3-2Infectious disease transmission
  • Track 3-3Vertical coronavirus
  • Track 3-4Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Perinatology is a subspecialty of obstetrics concerned with the care of the fetus and complicated, high-risk pregnancies. Perinatology is also known as maternal-fetal medicine. Since the perinatal period, depending on the definition, starts at the 20th to 28th week of gestation and ends 1 to 4 weeks after birth, perinatology logically could be an obstetrical and pediatric subspecialty but, in practice, it is part of obstetrics. The comparable area of pediatrics is neonatology. A high-risk baby might be cared for by Perinatologists before birth and by a neonatologist after birth.

  • Track 4-1Birth asphyxia
  • Track 4-2Neuroscience ( the fetal and neonatal brain)
  • Track 4-3Perinatal practices
  • Track 4-4Obstetrics & gynecology
  • Track 4-5Ultrasound in perinatology
  • Track 4-6Maternal and fetal health
  • Track 4-7Cleft lip & palate
  • Track 4-8Low birth weight
  • Track 4-9Neonatal jaundice
  • Track 4-10Breech birth
  • Track 4-11Neonatal drugs
  • Track 4-12Amniotic band syndrome
  • Track 4-13Fetal growth restriction

Pediatrics is one of the fields of medicine which is concerned with the medical, health care and development of babies and children and their opportunity to get complete potential to grow into adults. Pediatrics follows the age range from infants to adolescents. Pediatrics is the newly emerged medical specialty. The main aim of the Paediatrics is to reduce the child and infant death rates, to control the spreading of infectious diseases and to promote healthy life styles. Pediatrics is not only concerned about the immediate cure but also the long term effects on quality life, abilities and survival.

  • Track 5-1Pediatric gastroenterology
  • Track 5-2Breast feeding
  • Track 5-3Pediatrics allergy and infections
  • Track 5-4Pediatrics dentistry
  • Track 5-5Pediatric cardiology
  • Track 5-6Pediatrics neurology
  • Track 5-7Clinical pediatrics
  • Track 5-8Pediatrics pharmacology
  • Track 5-9Pediatrics dermatology
  • Track 5-10Pediatrics surgery
  • Track 5-11Pediatric psychology
  • Track 5-12Pediatrics nephrology and urology
  • Track 5-13Pediatric nursing

neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), also known as an intensive care nursery (ICN), is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature new-born infants. A NICU is typically directed by one or more neonatologists and staffed by nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, physician assistants, resident physicians, respiratory therapists, and dietitians. Many other ancillary disciplines and specialists are available at larger units.

Neonatal nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses that care for premature babies and sick new-borns in intensive care units, emergency rooms, delivery rooms and special clinics. Prematurity is a risk factor that follows early labour, a planned caesarean section or pre-eclampsia.

  • Track 6-1Premature infants/ preemies
  • Track 6-2Special care nursery
  • Track 6-3Anemia
  • Track 6-4Feeding issues
  • Track 6-5Hypoglycemia
  • Track 6-6Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
  • Track 6-7Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
  • Track 6-8Macrosomia
  • Track 6-9NICU quality improvement, parents centre care

congenital disorder, also known as a congenital disease, deformity, birth defect, or anomaly, is a condition existing at or before birth regardless of cause. Of these disorders, those characterized by structural deformities are termed "congenital anomalies" and involve defects in a developing fetus. Birth defects vary widely in cause and symptoms. Any substance that causes birth defects is known as a teratogen. Some disorders can be detected before birth through prenatal diagnosis (screening).

Birth defects may be the result of genetic or environmental factors. This includes errors of morphogenesis, infection, epigenetic modifications on a parental germline, or a chromosomal abnormality. The outcome of the disorder will depend on complex interactions between the pre-natal deficit and the post-natal environment. Animal studies indicate that the mother's (and likely the father's) diet, vitamin intake, and glucose levels prior to ovulation and conception have long-term effects on fetal growth and adolescent and adult disease. Animal studies have shown that paternal exposures prior to conception and during pregnancy result in increased risk of certain birth defects and cancers.

  • Track 7-1Congenital heart disease in new-born
  • Track 7-2Phenylketonuria
  • Track 7-3Down syndrome
  • Track 7-4Deformations of the musculoskeletal system
  • Track 7-5Congenital malformations of genital organs
  • Track 7-6Congenital dislocated hip
  • Track 7-7Cleft lip and cleft palate
  • Track 7-8Spinal bifida
  • Track 7-9Neurological sequelae of congenital heart disease and critical illness
  • Track 7-10Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Track 7-11Hydrocephalus, post hemorrhagic and congenital

Infant mortality is the death of young children under the age of 1. This death toll is measured by the infant mortality rate, which is the number of deaths of children less than one year of age per 1000 live births. Neonatal nursing is a subspecialty of nursing that works with new-born infants born with a variety of problems ranging from prematurity, birth defects, infection, cardiac malformations, and surgical problems. The neonatal period is defined as the first month of life; however, these new-borns are often sick for months. Neonatal nursing generally encompasses care for those infants who experience problems shortly after birth, but it also encompasses care for infants who experience long-term problems related to their prematurity or illness after birth.

A few neonatal nurses may care for infants up to about 2 years of age. Most neonatal nurses care for infants from the time of birth until they are discharged from the hospital. A neonatal death is defined as a death during the first 28 days of life (0-27 days). The NMR is often broken down into early and late mortality rates.

  • Track 8-1Doctors and midwives; care or cure
  • Track 8-2Neonatal nursing intensive care
  • Track 8-3Neonatal clinical nursing
  • Track 8-4Standard of neonatal nursing practice
  • Track 8-5New-born care
  • Track 8-6Special care for premature infants
  • Track 8-7Care for congenital cardiac issues
  • Track 8-8Challenges in neonatal nursing
  • Track 8-9Perinatal mortality rate
  • Track 8-10Neonatal nutrition nursing
  • Track 8-11Family nurse practitioner education

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common congenital disorder in new-borns. Critical CHD, defined as requiring surgery or catheter-based intervention in the first year of life, occurs in approximately 25% of those with CHD. Although many new-borns with critical CHD are symptomatic and identified soon after birth, others are not diagnosed until after discharge from the birth hospitalization. In infants with critical cardiac lesions, the risk of morbidity and mortality increases when there is a delay in diagnosis and timely referral to a tertiary center with expertise in treating these patients.

Some congenital heart problems are now picked up when the mother has an ultrasound scan during pregnancy (usually at the 20-week scan), but sometimes they are not found until after the baby has been born. Some conditions may not be discovered until the child is older or even an adult.

  • Track 9-1Heart failure in new-born
  • Track 9-2Atrial septal defect
  • Track 9-3Atrioventricular septal defect
  • Track 9-4Congenital heart defects and treatment
  • Track 9-5Infective endocarditis
  • Track 9-6Arrhythmia
  • Track 9-7Pulmonary hypertension
  • Track 9-8Neonatal cardiology

Fetal nutrition is one of these factors: the complex interaction between genetic growth potential, the ability of the maternal–placental system to transfer nutrients to the fetus and the endocrine environment determine whether the fetus will follow its growth potential during intrauterine life.

  • Track 10-1Breast feeding
  • Track 10-2Infant and new-born nutrition
  • Track 10-3Infant formula
  • Track 10-4Feto placental nutrition
  • Track 10-5Probiotics and prebiotics
  • Track 10-6Probiotics – preterm and term newborns
  • Track 10-7Microbiome

New-born screening is a screening in infants shortly after birth for a list of conditions that are treatable, but not clinically evident in the new-born period. Some of the conditions included in new-born screening programs are only detectable after irreversible damage has been done, in some cases sudden death is the first manifestation of a disease. Screening programs are often run by state or national governing bodies with the goal of screening all infants born in the jurisdiction.

New-born screening originated with an amino acid disorder, phenylketonuria (PKU), which can be easily treated by dietary modifications, but causes severe mental retardation if not identified and treated early.

  • Track 11-1Neonatal cellular bioenergetics
  • Track 11-2Neonatal pharmacokinetics
  • Track 11-3Maternal obesity
  • Track 11-4Fetal origins of adult disease
  • Track 11-5Neonatal screening

Neonatal Research is research to improve the Health of Low Birth Weight and Premature Infants. Neonatal Research includes trials of therapies for sepsis, intraventricular hemorrhage, chronic lung disease, and pulmonary hypertension as well as studies of the impact of drug exposure on child and family outcome.

There is a need to develop consistent nomenclature describing the type of data we want to capture about medications and their safety and effectiveness in neonates.

  • Track 12-1Extremely low birth weight infants
  • Track 12-2Meningomyelocele
  • Track 12-3Drug exposure to infant
  • Track 12-4Current research on Zika virus
  • Track 12-5Prenatal care
  • Track 12-6Neonatal health services research
  • Track 12-7Neonatal hypothermia
  • Track 12-8Neonatal morbidities
  • Track 12-9Congenital anomalies
  • Track 12-10Intraventricular hemorrhage